This is a laparoscopic surgical procedure. It involves the placement of an adjustable band made out of silicone around the upper portion of the stomach. The band which is a doughnut-shaped balloon can be tightened by adding saline. The band is connected to a port that is placed under the skin in the abdomen. This port is used to either fill or remove saline in the band.
Lap band is performed under full general anesthesia. The entire procedure takes about 1 to 2 hours to complete. The surgeon creates 3-5 small incisions, each about 1 inch in length, in the abdomen. One of the incisions has a small camera attached to view the procedure on a screen, while the other incisions allow for the use of surgical instruments and placement of the band.
The gastric band is placed around the upper part of the stomach and is secured into position with sutures. The port is then placed in the wall of the abdomen and sutured in place. There is the possibility of the band slipping or eroding into the stomach and of mechanical malfunction.
Most people can return to work 1 week after surgery if their job is not too physically demanding. Normal activity can usually resume after 6 weeks.